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Comprehensive Development Program

Comprehensive Development Program

Guinea - Mamou Region

World ORT is involved in Guinea, particularly in the region of Mamou since 1994, with the creation of the National Forestry school - ENATEF - and community projects led by ORT-Guinea. These include adults' literacy programs, rural communities organization and training for better use of natural resources.

The Comprehensive Development Program aims to offer an integrated approach to the rural population needs based on local communities cohesion and responsible leadership.

The sustainability of any development and investment in West Africa must address at least the following components:

  • Local Community involvement and responsibility;
  • Health prevention and care, particularly mothers and young children;
  • Education and Training (youth and adults);
  • Increased income for the population for self-sustainability;
  • Permanent professional support and counseling (resources and services center);
  • Local structures' financial self-sufficiency;

World ORT International Cooperation together with ORT-Guinea suggests to develop a comprehensive rural project in the Mamou region (Guinea) aiming to integrate and improve the basic population's needs.

The Mamou Region

The Préfecture de Mamou is situated in Fouta-Djalon, 268 kms from the Guinean capital Conakry with a population of 618,000 people. The region depends almost exclusively- 79% of the population- on agriculture and cattle breeding, with some local craftsmanship. Due to the distance from the capital the services to the population (education, health) are particularly deficient.

World ORT IC involvement

ORT is active in the Mamou region by the unique Forestry School in Guinea -ENATEF- active since 1994 and by ORT-Guinea, its local NGO (located in Mamou and registered with the Guinean Ministry of Economy and Finances). Based on the professionals of ENATEF and ORT- Guinea, an important effort is done in developing local leadership and educating adults for reading and writing.

The combination of these programs has created a strong partnership with the local population's formal and informal groups constituting an efficient relay to the rural isolated population.

Objective

The project will provide the basic needs of the population, enhance the community cohesion in order to reach the best level of self-governance and provide to the rural population the tools to improve their income and quality of life. ORT-Guinea constitutes a strong pole of influence and support for the region's population and, by then, a model to be replicated.

The comprehensive approach project

Based on its experience and capabilities, World ORT and ORT-Guinea suggest establishing an Integrated Community and Development Project called Comprehensive development Program for the Mamou Region-, as a duplicable pilot-project.

The concept is based on focusing on 4 priorities:

Improvement of the health services. This priority includes:

  • Creating a health clinic with mobile units reaching the isolated population;
  • Mother and Child Center dedicated to health, nutrition, AIDS prevention and women and early childhood education. Strengthening the women's role is a crucial element in the project;

Increase of the agricultural production. This priority includes:

  • The rehabilitation of spoiled or deforested soils;
  • Farmers training and counseling;
  • Providing small mechanic equipment based on manufacturing tools in the project workshops.;
  • Vocational programs will train blacksmiths and farmers;
  • Easing the access to good quality seeds;
  • Improvement of the production distribution and marketing;

Improvement of the rural population self-governance. This priority includes:

  • The support to farmers organizations;
  • Promoting the women's role in the rural communities,;
  • Support to the development of small enterprises including adapted vocational training;

Preservation and rehabilitation of the natural environment. This priority will include:

  • The fight again desertification including the plantation of forests;
  • The protection and improvement of water resources;
  • Green schools, education of children's awareness to environment;

Strategy

ORT will coordinate the complete project from the definition of the specific needs, the building of the infrastructures, the development of the various programs and the community work up to the stage of self-ability of the local community to run the project autonomously.

The start-up period (surveys, planning and premises building and community work, staff training) should take between 18 months to 2 years. ORT will accompany the project during the five first years of operation.

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